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ARIJ: Israel’s Violations of the Human Right to Water And Sanitation in the Occupied Palestinian Territory



Israel’s violations of the human right to water and Sanitation in the Occupied Palestinian Territory

NGO Submission to the UN Human Rights Council, Universal Periodic Review of the State of Israel

15th Session of the UPR Working Group, 21 Jan-1 Feb, 2013

Submitted by

Applied Research Institute – Jerusalem (ARIJ)
MA’AN Development Center
(With support from EWASH Advocacy Task Force)

Executive Summary

The state of Israel exercises effective control over all aspects of Palestinian civilian life in the West Bank and the Gaza Strip including East Jerusalem (Occupied Palestinian Territory or OPT) as a part of its protracted 45-year military occupation. Israel’s almost exclusive control over all sources of water resources in the OPT constitutes a key obstacle for the realization of Palestinian rights to water and sanitation and a factor in the continued denial of Palestinian right to self-determination. As the Occupying Power in the OPT, Israel is responsible for the wellbeing of the occupied population, including guarantee of provision of adequate water and sanitation services and, public health and hygiene. Furthermore, human rights provisions to which Israel is party continue to apply under conditions of military occupation. Israel has neglected its responsibilities under International Humanitarian Law and International Human Rights Law as well as UN resolutions for the respect, protection and fulfillment of the rights to water and sanitation of Palestinians. In fact, Israel’s policies and practices have been directly detrimental for the realization of these rights while very little has been done to ensure accountability at state-level for these persistent, well-documented violations. Violations of the rights to water and sanitation documented in this submission have implications on other rights such as right to adequate standards of living, right to health, right to work, and foremost the right to self-determination.

For queries please contact EWASH Advocacy Task Force on

Applied Research Institute – Jerusaem (ARIJ) represents 20 years of combined organizational experience in the Palestinian Territory in the fields of economic, social, management of natural resources, water management, sustainable agriculture and political dynamics of development in the area. ARIJ plays an active role in the local community as an advocate for greater cooperation among local institutions as well as international and nongovernmental organizations. In its capacity as a national research institute, it frequently provides current data and research necessary to the formulation of position papers and policy strategies on such issues as land and water resources. Moreover, through its work with donor institutions
and regional and international experts, ARIJ promotes an atmosphere conducive to the introduction of new initiatives and ideas, and thus serves as a facilitator in the coordination of multilateral activities. Visit:

MA’AN Development Center (MA’AN) works in equal partnership with NGOs, CBOs & Popular Committees in the poorest and most marginalized areas of the occupied Palestinian territories, enhancing people’s steadfastness and self-reliance, empowering them to take a lead in
developing their communities, and to improve their quality of life. Since the establishment of the organization in January 1989, MA’AN has carried extensive work in the areas of capacity building, sustainable agriculture, and infrastructure support throughout Palestine. This has been made possible by the existence of full offices in Gaza City, Jenin, and Ramallah, as well as satellite branches in Tulkarem, Jerusalem, and Khan Younis. Today, MA’AN has an experienced staff of over 100 employees and maintains an annual operating budget over $6,500,000. MA’AN’s considerable track record has provided the organization with the skills and connections needed to succeed. With a strong network of engineers and experts, an effective internal system and external network, MA’AN has the resources needed to competently and efficiently work in this field. Moreover, MA’AN consistently works in harmony with the strategic plan of relevant ministries and coordinates all its projects with local government, councils and
committees. Visit:

EWASH Advocacy Task Force is a sub-committee of the Emergency Water, Sanitation and Hygiene Group (EWASH). EWASH is a coalition of aid agencies in the OPT of which MA’AN and ARIJ are members. The support of the EWASH Advocacy Task Force in this submission is acknowledged here. Visit:

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