Israeli Ministry of Defense: Food Consumption in the Gaza Strip – Red Lines (2008)
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Below you find the scandalous findings of this presentation. (Gabi Weber)
Re: AAA 3300/11 Ministry of Defense v. Gisha “Food Consumption in the Gaza Strip – Red Lines” Presentation
1. According to the Supreme Court judgment in AAA 3300/11, Ministry of Defense v. Gisha, rendered September 5, 2012, we hereby provide you with the presentation entitled “Food Consumption in the Gaza Strip – Red Lines”.
2. We hereby provide you both with the version presented also to the District Court (presentation dated January 1, 2008) and the version presented during the hearing before the Supreme Court (presentation dated January 27, 2008).
3. We stress that as noted by the State before both the District Court and the Supreme Court, the aforementioned presentations are drafts and were not used at any stage in time as a basis for implementing civilian policy toward the Gaza Strip.
Guy Inbar, Major COGAT Spokesperson
Goals of Analysis
As part of the policy formulated by the Security Cabinet on September 19, 2007, Israel will limit the entry of goods into the Gaza Strip.
In order to allow for a basic fabric of life in the Gaza Strip, the deputy defense minister approved allowing 106 trucks carrying basic humanitarian products into the Gaza Strip, mostly food (all products are specified in the appendices). In addition, food in seed form was approved for entry via the aggregate conveyor belt located near the Karni crossing.
This research examines the main food component.
The goal of the analysis – to identify the point of intervention for prevention of malnutrition in the Gaza Strip.
The basis for the analysis is a model formulated by the Ministry of Health (at this point, according to average Israeli consumption) and a model formulated by the Palestinian Ministry of Economy.
The Ministry of Health is conducting work for calculating the minimal subsistence basket based on the Arab sector in Israel. The “minimum basket” allows nutrition that is sufficient for subsistence without the development of malnutrition.
Main Working Assumptions
The research analyzes the situation according to the food that enters the Gaza Strip and does not take into account distribution/division inside the area.
There is internal food production in the Gaza Strip (mostly vegetables and protein, detailed in appendices).
The figures used in the consumption models were “converted” into supply over five days and translated, in some of the sections, into truckloads, taking into account packaging weight.
Wheat, which is a major food component, was converted into flour according to a scale of 1,000 kilograms of wheat being the equivalent of 720 kilograms of flour.
Summary and Conclusions
According to the model supplied by the Israeli Ministry of Health, there is a need for a daily supply of 104 food trucks (5 days a week).
The model takes into account an exaggerated consumption of milk (3 times the known consumption in the Gaza Strip). Thus, on decreasing the milk component, the working assumption of 106 trucks (+ Karni conveyor belt) which includes about 90 truckloads of basic food, certainly meets nutritional needs in the Gaza Strip.
The Ministry of Health Model assumes lower consumption of flour than what is known to be in effect.
The Ministry of Health model is based on the average Israeli consumption, rather than a minimalist basket according to consumption habits in the Arab sector (the Ministry of Health is currently analyzing this).
Following receipt of the new basket, it will be possible to define a red line as a warning sign.
The Ministry of Health estimates that the new basket will be 20% lower than the current basket.
Working Estimates for Formulation of Ministry of Health Model
The amounts in this table are based on average consumption by Israeli standards and are not portions for minimal subsistence.
The weight figures in the Ministry of Health model pertain to a calendar day (consumption over seven days a week, unlike supply which is calculated on the basis of five days per week). In the comparison slide, these figures include the percentage of packaging.
In the slide that compares the Ministry of Health model to the 106 list, the Ministry of Health figures include the weight of the packaging (1%-5% of the weight).
The truckloads figures in all models are per day of transport of goods (five days per week). Therefore, the amount of food required by the population per day was multiplied by a factor of 5/7.
Seventy-two percent of the weight of wheat is used for producing flour. Calculations are based on 75%, as cooked wheat is also used for food (no exact figures).
The Ministry of Health model, on which the research work is based, includes legumes in the group of meat products as it is a protein substitute. We emphasize that the Ministry of Health was asked to isolate this product in the "minimal" model, in consideration of the fact that legumes can also serve as a substitute for grains.
Gaza Self-Produced Food
Fruit and Vegetables
The Gaza Strip produces approximately 1,000 tons of vegetables per year (gross yearly average, including damaged produce).
The percentage of self-produced fruit in the Gaza Strip is less than 15%, but in effect, nutritionally, fruits can be substituted by vegetables. Since we do not have exact figures on the types of vegetables and the rate of fruit to vegetable conversion, the rate of self-produced fruit was calculated as 50%. This estimate requires further examination.
Most of the vegetables in the food basket are produced inside the Gaza Strip, with the exception of carrot, onion, garlic and more which account for 20% and must be brought in from Israel.
Milk and Dairy
Self-produced milk is calculated based on 4,000 dairy cows in the Gaza Strip which produce 15 liters of milk per day.
Production from powdered milk is calculated based on a conversion rate of 100 grams of powder per 1 liter of milk.
According to the conversion rate, 2 truckloads of powdered milk (40 tons) are equivalent to 27 truckloads of fresh milk.
Meat and Substitutes
Poultry – approximately 9 million meat producing chickens are raised per year in the Gaza Strip – approximately 13,500 tons (37 tons per day).
Eggs – There are approximately 1 million egg producing chickens in the Gaza Strip. The calculation is 0.8 eggs per chicken, per day. One meat portion is equivalent to 1.5 eggs.
The rate of self-produced of meat is calculated based on the production of 13,500 tons of chicken meat and 292 million eggs per year.